Algebra, Analysis, General, Geometry

The Language of Mathematics

“Mathematics knows no races or geographic boundaries; for mathematics the cultural world is one country.” David Hilbert (1862-1943)

I started studying Maths in Romanian, and I have to admit, I was a very dull kid. Why I say that? Because I didn’t have the mind of a genious, I didn’t have a vision of the world or etc. In time, I’ve come to the conclusion that if you want to know something, you have to know to ask the right questions. And every science man knows that asking question makes the whole algorithm! So I started asking myself what if I want to talk to people about Maths, my parents, friends, colleagues, would I know how to explain it? And what if I wanted to talk to a foreign person, how would I talk to him, would he understand me? Is Math the same for everybody?

Well of course it is, it’s a universal language! The simbols are the same for each country! I bought a book written in English, which was about Pythagoras’ theorem when I was 13 years old, and I just learned about it at school. I understood some words and even some sentences, but it didn’t matter because all I needed was explained to me with symbols I knew how to read from Maths class. During college I had the opportunity to share my knowledge with exchange students, and professors from other countries for whom I held presentations in Analysis and Geometry. I must admit that my English isn’t so fluent as I wished for, but they understood me completely as I did too when they were in my place. That’s the beauty of it!

Amazingly, Maths may be universal in the truest sense of the word. And it is fr this reason that the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence uses binary representations of π and prime numbers to broadcast our presence to anyone who might be listening. Why would that be? Maybe because they might talk another language and not understand the word hello, but a circle is a circle for them too, and they would know what π is, and the binary concept would be obvious (on/off, day/night).

So what do you think now? Isn’t it beautiful?  Maths is dynamic and its ever-present nature is its most powerful quality.

pi.bw

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Algebra, Analysis, General, Geometry

A Short History of Mathematics

Textbooks nowadays don’t show kids where Maths has come from, or when it was discovered. In my opinion Maths or any other part of the Science field was here long before humans can decipher it. It has been shown that crows can distinguish between sets of up to four elements, a fact that demonstrates that counting occurs in other creatures. Maths has a very long history, not very known by many, and though I had a passion for it all my life, I only read about it’s history during college. And not even then, it’s roots were so clear to me. And after reading some books I could only draw the conclusion that if you want to study the history of maths, you have to study the history of civilization. Although many important results of mathematics go way back to Renaissance, we have to wonder what made them possible? Who decided which language to use, what simbols to use as numbers, or what were the numbers by the way ? Fibonacci was the one who introduced Hindu-Arabic numerals to Europe in the thirteenth century, and freed the mathematicians from the constraints of Roman numerals. ancient math So basically, Maths has been developed everywhere in the world, but the speed of it’s advance was not the same for each region. Ideas have been discovered and lost, and then refound. The modern mathematics borrows ideas from many different places, but the combination between Arabic and Persian Maths with the Greek and Indian gives what we learn today. Though it was discovered in different times in different parts of the world, the results were basically the same, and thanks to the Renaissance mathematicians we have the results that everybody uses now.

Maths hasn’t been so developed at it’s beginning, obviously, but it raised many interesting questions, and gave freedom to think. Nowadays, Maths results are rarely given, but it became used in many other new fields as Computer Science. But you don’t have to be a computer whiz or a math genius to appreciate the beauty of numbers. You don’t have to understand the equation that stands behind everyday things, you only have to become more aware of Mathematics’ influence in the world around you.

And as the great Rene Descartes said, “With me everything turns into mathematics”, make it possible with you and the world will be bigger, more meaningful and more beautiful.

 

photo from: http://graphics8.nytimes.com

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